You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to a single number.
This score is built by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from your various loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans etcetera.
Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian, the three major credit agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building your credit score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors in calculating your score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers will likely find their FICO scores falling between 620 and 800.
FICO makes a big difference in your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I improve my credit score?
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Since the credit score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it's very difficult to make a significant change in the number with quick fixes. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
How do I find out my FICO score?
To improve your score, you've got to have the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. They also provide helpful information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from all three agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is quick and inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your credit score? Give us a call at (916) 399-5500.