How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history to compile your FICO score.
All three major credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors to calculate a credit score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers probably find their FICO scores between 620 and 800.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my FICO score?
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Very little in the short term. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the score is built on your lifetime credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Know your FICO
To improve your score, you must have the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three reporting agencies. They also provide helpful information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from all three credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and very inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us at (916) 399-5500.