About the FICO Credit Score
Because our society is so computer-driven, it's probably not that surprising that your creditworthiness comes down to a single number.
The FICO score is compiled by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from your various loans: mortgages, car loans, credit cards, and the like.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following to build a score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is one number. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most folks getting a mortgage loan these days have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Since the score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it's very difficult to change it quickly. You must appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
Getting your FICO score
To raise your FICO score, you've got to obtain the credit reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from all three agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is quick and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your FICO score? Give us a call at (916) 399-5500.